Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

small town. He had been expelled from that Party, and became an agent
of the Comintern. Moscow radio now brought him before the public as
a political personality. The figure-heads were r//o vice-chairmen,
Andrzej Witos and Wanda Wasilewska. Two Soviet Generals,, Zymierski
and Eerling were, respectively, head of the Department of National
Defence, and deputy.
Thus, after nearly five years of Poland's struggle against Germany and
when the Second Great War was nearing its end, the Soviets set up this
c Committee of Liberation ' with the object of receiving from them a formal
resignation from the Eastern half of Poland for the benefit of Russia, and
secondly, to insert the remainder of the country more easily within the
framework of the new Soviet European order. Thus., to obtain the legal
title to this annexation, the Committee in its manifesto " called forth by
the fighting nation and the sole legal source of authority in Poland/'
repudiated the Polish Government (cc the Polish emigre Government in
London and its agency in Poland3J), as an " illegal and self-styled
authority " and immediately signed an 'Agreement' with Russia at the
Kremlin on July 26, 1944, concerning the administration of the Polish
territories west of the c Curzon Line.' At long last the Soviets were able
to establish that body which in its nebulous form had appeared so fre-
quently as a threat in their propaganda—their own * friendly' Polish
Government, although for the time being it was still known as the * Com-
mittee.' The concluded agreement v/as almost word for word identical
with that concluded between the Soviets and Dr. Benes* Government in
London on April 30, a similarity ignored by Soviet propaganda. The
main points in the Agreement were that:—" the supreme power in the
zone of military operation where the Red Army is fighting on Polish
territory... is vested in the Soviet Commander-in-Chief," that is, Marshal
Stalin, and " the Polish forces will be under the Soviet Commander-in-
Chief in operational matters . . . ", furthermore., the cc Polish Committee
... will create the machinery for recruiting men for the Polish armed forces
and ensure active co-operation with the Soviet Commander-in-Chief."
In this manner, the Soviets, who had undertaken the recruitment to the
Army in Eastern Poland themselves, now, in the remaining half of that
country, saw to it that this same task would be performed for them by their
appointed * Committee.3 Within a few weeks the Soviet News Agency
was able to state that the * Committee* had proclaimed the mobilisation
of four age groups, officers, N.C.O.s and military specialists, and that ten
other groups, also liable for military service, were to be registered. These
recruits to the Soviet Polish army were obliged to swear " fidelity to the
Polish Nation, the Polish Republic and to the National Council of Libera-
tion ... so help me God!"
The e Committee of National Liberation* had its predecessor in Poland
in the so-called ' Targovica Confederation' installed by the Russians at